|授業科目名||Lecture(Judaism, The Origin of Western Religions)／Special Lecture(Judaism, The Origin of Western Religions)／特殊講義（Judaism, The Origin of Western Religions）|
|科目の目的・到達目標||This is a reading and discussion course, and I will use films and documentaries as visual aides to illustrate particular values and historical contexts and to show important stories from the Hebrew Bible, the Christian New Testament, and the Muslim Qur’an. We will give special attention to their origins. How did they begin? What caused them to endure and flourish? What do their holy books say? Why are these books still important today? The course focuses on three aspects of the religions: 1) Historic Development; 2) Basic Practices and Beliefs; 3) and the Holy Books:
1) Who wrote the Hebrew Bible?
2) The legends of Abraham and Moses
3) Jewish Practices and Traditions
4) Jesus of Nazareth
5) Who wrote the New Testament?
6) How early Christianity grew out of Judaism
7) Mohammed and the rise of Islam
8) The Qur’an
9) Islamic beliefs and practices.
|授業の概要||Today, about 33% of the world is Christian and about 25% Muslim, with Islam, as the world’s fastest growing religion today, set to overtake Christianity within the next 50 years. With over half the world’s population at least nominally associated with these two monotheistic religions, it is important for all of us to understand how they began and what each believes and practices.
1) Historic Development: We will see how the fundamental beliefs from Judaism became part of religion in the West. The foundational idea, of the ONE GOD, goes back to pre-history, perhaps as far as 4,000 years ago, to a person named Abraham. The development of this idea of the ONE GOD--through the millennium—was shaped and re-shaped again and again into what we have today: the three great monotheistic religions.
2) Basic Beliefs and Practices: As we study these foundational beliefs, we will see how each is similar to the other—as well as how each developed different visions. More time will be devoted to Judaism, of course, since it is the source of Western religious consciousness. We will gain of sense of how historic moments, some dating back almost 4,000 years, are still remembered today. I hope students gain a sense of the meaning those who are devoted to these religions feel in their lives.
3) The Holy Books: We also focus on the development each religion’s holy books: the Hebrew Bible, the Christian New Testament, the Muslim Qur’an. The Hebrew Bible began in an oral tradition, as early as 1,200 BCE, with its first “written” sections beginning in about 1,000 BCE. Written over six hundred years, the Hebrew Bible was completed by about 400 BCE. The Christian New Testament was written mostly by Jews outside of Palestine and Christianity was closely connected to Judaism for about one hundred years. The Muslim Qur’an, as the Hebrew Bible, began in a society with an oral tradition, with Muhammad making divine pronouncements in the tradition of the great Hebrew prophets.
4) Field Trips: We will also take two field trips in place of Friday classes. The first will be to the Synagogue (Jewish) in Hiroo, Tokyo on Week 6. Students can speak with the Rabbi (teacher) regarding any questions they may have. The second will be to the Mosque (Islam) in Yoyoigi-uehara, Tokyo. And we can speak with the Imam as well. I encourage everyone to join these trip in order to understand the heart of these communities more deeply.
|授業計画||Week 1: Introduction/The Bible as Covenant: Abraham
Week 2: Judaism: Its Practices
Week 3: Judaism: Its Practices
Week 4: Passover, celebrated by Ephraim ben Moshe
Week 5: Who Wrote the Bible?
Week 6: Trip to Synagogue, in place of class
Week 7: A Messiah Appears in Galilee
Week 8: The Sayings of Jesus
Week 9: The Saying of Jesus
Week 10: The Letters of Saint Paul
Week 11: The Letters of Saint Paul
Week 12: Muhammad’s Message
Week 13: Who Is Muhammad
Week 14: Field Trip to Mosque in Yoyogi-uehara
Week 15: Islamic Practices
|評価方法||Your grade is based mostly six short research assignments, two from each of the religions, to prepare for short class discussion.|
|テキスト・参考文献等||The instructor will provide all the materials.|
|授業外の学習活動||I will follow the department’s policy of required 80% attendance. Please speak with me if you have unforeseen challenges with this. I hope that students spend at least an hour each week on the reading, discussion, and internet-assignments.|