|授業科目名||Lecture(Understanding World-Views)／Special Lecture(Understanding World-Views)／特殊講義（Understanding World-Views）|
|科目の目的・到達目標||These fundamental value-systems are seen in how people, groups, or institutions answer the following questions (these questions reflect the course goals):
•How are people “equal?” Is equality affirmed (or denied) in government policy? Or by majority groups toward minority groups?
•What is the source of crime, poverty, etc.—Is it caused primarily by individuals or by the societies themselves, from the inherent social order?
•How important is continuity from traditions for a person or for a group?
•What values do people (or government policies) place as an “absolute?” What is most important? Is it the nation, ethnic group, or religion? Or is it more universal values of the international community or “universal” human rights?
•What is the source of values or ethics: from tradition, religion, what is evident in “nature” or from humanity itself and its interaction with a changing social environment?
|授業の概要||We will begin the semester (the first four weeks) briefly covering historical events that formed or reinforced each of the worldviews: 1) the Temple State Period; 2) the Hellenistic Period; 3) the Roman Empire; 4) the Age of Science; 5) the Reformation; 6) the Enlightenment; 7) the Industrial Revolution; 8) the Russian and Chinese Revolutions; 9) Economic Globalization; 10) the Environmental Movement, among many others. These formative movements show the power of value-systems to shape societies. The assignments during the semester will focus on how these worldviews are expressed today by governments, religions, NGOs, and ethnic or racial groups.
Worldviews are very ancient but have been reincarnated again and again under different labels and names. While more of this course will look at their Western formations and expressions, these worldviews are universal and seem to follow “deep” visions of order from the human spirit; so I will use examples from East and West, from both developing countries and developed countries.
The concept of “equality,” whether it is affirmed or denied, is the source of political conflict today and we will study a few examples. Since worldviews are seen most clearly during conflict (wars and revolutions), we will look a little more closely at a few historical moments—the American Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, the Environmental Movement, and the Anti-Globalization Movement—to understand how value clashes are changing societies and the world. Once we become aware of these value systems, they are easy to identify in everyday life, in people all around us and in the media.
We will look at these great forces from a unique paradigm (by H. Richard Niebuhr) to aid in understanding: Against Culture (Radical Right); Of Culture (Radical Left); Above Culture (Center/Left); Culture In Paradox (Conservative); and Transformer Of Culture (Progressive), with the caveat that worldviews go beyond such political labels as “Radical Right” and Radical Left.” Worldviews instead reflect a basic sensibility (an individual sense of reality), before politics or any action. As Ralph Waldo Emerson said: "An action is the perfection and publication of thought."
|授業計画||Week 1: Introduction/Overview of Worldviews
Week 2: Worldview Formation: From Temple States to the Industrial Revolution
Week 3: Worldview Formation: From the Industrial Revolution to the Environmental Movement
Week 4: The Clusters of Values Underlying Worldviews
Week 5: Against Culture—In Theory
Week 6: Against Culture—In Practice
Week 7: Of Culture—In Theory.
Week 8: Of Culture—In Practice.
Week 9: Above Culture—In Theory.
Week 10: Above Culture—In Practice.
Week 11: Culture In Paradox—In Theory.
Week 12: Culture In Paradox—In Practice.
Week 13: Transformer Of Culture—In Theory.
Week 14: Transformer Of Culture—In Practice.
Week 15: Conclusion.
|評価方法||The course evaluation, in addition to attendance and participation, is from five internet-research assignments—with group discussions—one for each of the worldviews. If your birthday falls on an “odd” day: 1, 3, 5, etc., then you will have the In Theory assignments; if on an “even” day: 2, 4, 6, etc., you will have the In Practice assignments. You will have one assignment every two weeks, in addition to a warp-up discussion assignment at the end of the semester.|
|テキスト・参考文献等||The instructor will provide all materials.|
|授業外の学習活動||Please attend every week! I will follow the university’s policy of requiring 80% attendance. Please spend time with each with your internet-research assignments and the reading assignments. Your own learning and the success of the class depend on you.|