|授業科目名||Lecture（Introduction to Feminist Philosophy） ／Special Lecture（Introduction to Feminist Philosophy）|
|科目の目的・到達目標||On completion of Introduction to Feminist Philosophy, students will have gained a broad knowledge of the key themes and concepts of feminist thinking. During the course, students will gain confidence learning to read complex, often difficult material. We will be assessing a range of theoretical positions and debates within and outside feminist thought. By the end of the course, students will have improved their ability to think critically, which means to ask questions of topics and of oneself but also to be open to thinking in unfamiliar ways. Moreover, students will have reached a better understanding of at least one topic through work on their individual essays. Overall, the course encourages students to develop their writing and speaking in the direction of clear and effective intellectual argumentation.|
|授業の概要||This course introduces the major themes and debates of feminist philosophy from its early days to the present. Feminist theory is interdisciplinary, which means it covers broad and diverse fields of critical, social and political topics. The course is divided into five parts to cover a wide range of feminist perspectives, strategies, political affiliations and conflicts. In part one, the “Introduction” we learn about the history of feminist thought, consider ways into feminist thinking and address how to talk about it. In part two, “Science and Philosophy” we study questions of gender and knowledge in the context of white Western science and philosophy, in particular the concepts of reason and objectivity. Part three “Gender Trouble” explores the conflict between gender essentialism and gender constructivism. We also inquire into feminist theory’s relationships with lesbian theory and queer theory, and the interaction between transgender theory and feminist theory. Part four, “Feminisms” examines the political positions of liberal, radical and materialist feminism and post feminist analysis. Part five “Race and Feminism” introduces the problems of white feminism, third world women and feminist philosophy. This final part of the course also takes up black feminist theorists concept of fugitive feminism and the idea of black women as degendered subjects.|
|授業計画||Part one: Introduction to feminist theory
In part one the “Introduction” we consider ways into feminist thinking using Sara Ahmed’s Living a Feminist Life (2018), discuss current events such as #MeToo, the slogan “the Personal is the Political,” learn about the history of feminist thought and investigate feminism’s popular and unpopular images. We also address how to talk about feminism (bell hooks and Eve Kosovsky Sedgwick).
Lecture 1: Introduction to the course and to the history of feminist thought as well as its relevance today. This lecture will introduce some important terms.
Lecture 2: Feminist Thought today and ways to talk about it (hooks, Ahmed, Kosofsky Sedgwick)
Part two – Science and philosophy
In part two, “Science and Philosophy” we study questions of gender and knowledge in the context of Western science and philosophy. We read white Western feminist thinkers (Sandra Harding, Geneieve Lloyd, Donna Harraway and Michèle le Dœuff) on the situation of women in science and philosophy, particularly in relationship to concepts of reason and objectivity. We ask how is knowledge produced, by whom, for whom, in what circumstances, and for what ends?
Lecture 3: Feminist Theory and Androcentrism - Harding
Lecture 4: Feminist thought and philosophy - Lloyd and le Dœuff
Lecture 4: Feminist thought and objectivity - Harraway
Part three – Theorising sex, gender, and sexuality
Part three “Gender Trouble” explores the conflict between gender essentialism and gender constructivism in Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex (1949) and Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble (1990). We also inquire into feminism theory’s relationships with lesbian theory (Cheshire Calhoun 1994) and queer theory (Annamarie Jagose 2009 and Kathy Rudy 2000). Crucially, the course studies gender binary as a hostile boundary but also as possible meeting place for trans theory and feminist theory (Talia Mae Bettcher 2017), and radical transgender theory (Andrea Long Chu 2018-19)
Lecture 5: Woman as becoming other - de Beauvoir and Butler
Lecture 6: Lesbianism - Calhoun; Queer - Jagose
Lecture 7: Transgender and feminism - Bettcher and Long Chu
Part four – Politics and Feminisms
Part four “Feminisms” examines the political feminist positions (Susan Watkins) liberal (Alison Jaggar; Nancy Fraser) radical (Shelia Jeffreys) and materialist (Monique Wittig, Heidi Hartman) feminist thought in relation to woman and class, and we discuss the effects of post feminist analysis and claims (Rosalind Gill and Stephanie Genz). We will also study debates about essentialist (Shelia Jeffreys, Luce Irigaray) and constructivist (Judith Butler) accounts of gender.
Lecture 8: Liberal, Radical, Materialist Feminism - Wittig, Hartman.
Lecture 9: Film screening Angry Women
Lecture 10: Post Feminism - Genz and Gill
Part five – Race and feminist thought
Part five “Race and Feminism” introduces the problems of white feminism (Ien Ang) and third world women and feminist philosophy (Chandra Talpade Mohanty and Trinh T. Min-ha). This final part of the course also takes up black feminist theory (Audre Lorde), its work on the visibility and invisibility of black women (Gail Lewis), the formulation of black women as degendered subjects and black feminist fugitivity or what happens when black women abandon gender (Hortense Spillers, Haidiya Hartman, Christina Sharpe, Alexis Pauline Gumbs).
Lecture 11: Third world feminist theory - Mohanty and Minh-ha
Lecture 12: Black women and feminist theory - Lorde and Lewis
Lecture 13: Black women, degendering and fugitive feminism - Spillers
Lecture 14: Revision of course
|評価方法||1. Presentation 20%
2. 2000 word essay 30%
3. Five reading summaries (10% each) 50%
|テキスト・参考文献等||Reading materials will be given in class as paper handouts of articles or available as PDFs on Manaba.|
|授業外の学習活動||Students are required to spend at least four hours per week reading class materials.|