|授業科目名||Lecture（On Walking: Practice and Theory（art, philosophy, literature）） ／ Special Lecture（On Walking: Practice and Theory（art, philosophy, literature））|
|科目の目的・到達目標||Students will gain insight into the significance of the seemingly ordinary practice of walking. The course is interdisciplinary and students will learn to read material from diverse fields including literature, geography and philosophy. Students will develop the ability to read critically and to articulate their ideas both verbally through giving a presentation on a key topic of the course, and in writing through an end of semester essay. Significantly, students will also learn how to write about walking by talking at least one walk themselves and producing a report (plus video, audio or photographic) on the experience.|
|授業の概要||This course explores the significance of the ordinary practice of walking , approaching it as a political, philosophical, artistic and cultural phenomenon. We consider the concepts of place and space, and placelessness and non-place, and study the significance of public space in connection to one’s right to such a place. The classes also investigate walking used as a method used in cultural geography to explore social and historical elements of specific locales from big cities to new satellite towns. We also read poetry and other literary works about walking, including descriptions of the 19th century flaneur, the theory and practice of psychogeography, and walking as an art practice from the 1920s to today. Along with primary materials discussing particular walks and walking, the course reads widely from cultural studies, critical theory, feminist theory, critical race theory, cultural geography, literary analysis, and art criticism and commentary. “On Walking” asks students to consider the constructed nature of the worlds in which we live, to reckon with being part of those worlds, and to think about environments as not merely filled with namable phenomena but as containing their own geography and history that can be treated as a politics and a poetics of space. Please note that the course involves a walking assignment which vividly demonstrates that walking, with its linear movement and rhythm, can also become a powerful tool for writing.|
|授業計画||Class 1 — “Introduction: Walking and Leisure” The first lecture on the history and culture of walking explores the emergence in Europe of walking as a leisure activity. We trace the social and political changes that accompanied the time when the oldest form of human physical activity took on new meaning and people began to say, "I’m going for a walk."
Class 2 — “Walking and Pleasure” Continuing with the theme of walking, modern democracy, capitalism, and social freedom, this class focuses on the epoch-marking figure of the Parisian flâneur whose presence signals the spread of consumerism but also its opposition in the form of a resistant saunter or stroll.
Class 3 — “Space & Place” This class considers the concepts of place and space, their differences and interrelation, and the contrasting notions of placelessness and non-place. We look at the historical, political and geographical significance of place and its significance today in a time of high global migrancy and the movement of refugees.
Class 4 — “The Right to the City” We study the significance of public space in connection to the theory of “the right to the city,” in particular the right to access and crucially to the production of public space. We also study the tension between the desire for freedom and the need for safety in today’s cities.
Class 5 — “Walking While Other” This lecture explores the failure of walking as an ideal of freedom. We discuss gender and race and the perils of walking some urban streets, and what the danger means in relation to public rights and space. We also look at examples of resistance and protest marches against racial persecution or sexual discrimination.
Class 6 — “Walking as Method” The class analyses the use of walking as a formal method used in cultural geography to explore social and historical elements of specific locales from big cities to new satellite towns. To follow this line of thinking, we focus on one or two specific studies of place and think about what walking as method might offer to a study of place that other modes of scholarship don’t.
Class 7 — “Psychogeography” We read about the history of the concept of psychogeography from its beginnings with the political Situationist International group in 1950s France to contemporary examples on the streets of big cities and small towns. We will explore the often misunderstood idea of psychogeography and its practice of drifting, which students will have an opportunity to try for their first assignment.
Class 8 — Psychogeographic walk
Class 9 — “Philosophy and Walking” This class looks at philosophy’s close relationship to walking, an association that begins with ancient Greek thought. Walking is regarded as one of best activities for contemplation and as a catalyst for creating ideas and solving problems. We will discuss the work of several walking philosophers, notably Fredrich Nietzsche whose intense walking practice brought him to collapse but also to exciting moments during which he created some of his most brilliant concepts.
Class 10 — “Walking the Poetic Line” This class traces the complementarity of walking and writing. We look at the poetry of the 1700s romantic tradition to read the connection between the pacing of a line on foot and on the page. We then move into the work of 20th and 21st century poets whose walking brings them onto the street and into the everyday where encounters between environment, people, and events become the subjects of poetry but also focus the poet on the rhythm of language and its movement.
Class 11 — “Walking and Literature” Continuing the theme of writing and walking as companion practices, in this class we discuss the ways in which walking take on significance either as drivers of plot and narrative in stories or as the mean by which fiction writers and essayists explore places on foot much like cultural geographers but with more emphasis on figurative language and detailed descriptions without the need to be accurate.
Class 12 — “Walking and Art” In this and the next class we study instances of walking in art practices, both performance art and installation. We look at political reasons artists highlight walking such as to show human physical connection with the ground or to tackle the subject of unequal access to place and the geopolitical creation of lines on a map that change people’s lives forever. We consider some of the ways walking as an art practice, including artist led walking tours, enhance places and highlight people’s relationships to them.
Class 13 — Movie screening - documentary on walking
Class 14 — Course summary and revision
|評価方法||A walking report 30%
Essay 2000 words 30%
|テキスト・参考文献等||Materials will be supplied in class or in PDF form on Manaba.|
|授業外の学習活動||Students are required to spend at least three hours per week reading class materials, and sundry hours actually walking.|